Guala, Francesco (2002) Experimental Localism and External Validity. [Preprint]
Experimental �localism� stresses the importance of context-specific knowledge, and the limitations of universal theories in science. I illustrate Latour�s radical approach to localism and show that it has some unpalatable consequences, in particular the suggestion that problems of external validity (or how to generalise experimental results to non-laboratory circumstances) cannot be solved. In the last part of the paper I try to sketch a solution to the problem of external validity by extending Mayo�s error-probabilistic approach.
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