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The "Evolutionary Synthesis" of George Udny Yule

Tabery, James (2003) The "Evolutionary Synthesis" of George Udny Yule. [Preprint]

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    Abstract

    This article discusses the work of George Udny Yule in relation to the evolutionary synthesis and the biometric-Mendelian debate. It has generally been claimed that (i.) in 1902, Yule put forth the first account showing that the competing biometric and Mendelian programs could be synthesized. Furthermore, (ii.) the scientific figures who should have been most interested in this thesis (the biometricians W. F. Raphael Weldon and Karl Pearson, and the Mendelian William Bateson) were too blinded by personal animosity towards each other to appreciate Yule’s proposal. This essay provides a detailed account of (i.), maintaining that Yule’s 1902 proposal is better understood as a reduction, not a synthesis of the two programs. The results of this analysis are then used to evaluate (ii.), where I will instead argue that Bateson and the biometricians had good reasons to avoid endorsing Yule’s account.


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    Item Type: Preprint
    Keywords: biometric-Mendelian debate, evolutionary synthesis, George Udny Yule, Karl Pearson, law of ancestral heredity, Ronald A. Fisher, reduction, William Bateson
    Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
    General Issues > Reductionism/Holism
    General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
    Depositing User: James Tabery
    Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2003
    Last Modified: 07 Oct 2010 11:12
    Item ID: 1378
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/1378

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