Darwin's Principle of Divergence.
Darwin's famous book, <On the Origin of Species> is not an easy book for the reader. Especially, the central part of his doctrine addressing the problem of how a small difference between varieties of a single species may become larger and larger and become a large difference between two distinct species or between two genera etc. is often confusing. Darwin brings in the "principle of divergence" in order to answer this central question, but the problem is: what is the status of this principle of divergence? Is it an independent principle from that of natural selection? How does it work, and how, exactly, does Darwin explain the diversification of organic beings? In this paper, I will give a logical analysis of Darwin's whole reasoning on this problem, based on the text of <On the Origin of Species> as well as as of <the Big Species Book>.
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