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Can Cumulative Selection Explain Adaptation?

Nanay, Bence (2004) Can Cumulative Selection Explain Adaptation? In: [2004] Philosophy of Science Assoc. 19th Biennial Meeting - PSA2004: Contributed Papers (Austin, TX; 2004) > PSA 2004 Contributed Papers. (In Press)

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    Abstract

    Two strong arguments have been given in favour of the claim that no selection process whatever can play a role in explaining adaptations. According to the first one, selection is a negative force; it never creates, only destroys, hence it cannot play a role in explaining adaptation. The second argument claims that selection cannot play a role in explaining adaptation, since the explanandum and the explanans are phenomena at different levels: selection is a population-level phenomenon, whereas adaptation occurs on the individual level. After pointing out that both arguments ignore the significance of the limitation of environmental resources, I will construe a positive argument for the claim that cumulative selection processes can play a role in explaining adaptations.


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    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
    Keywords: selection, cumulative selection, adaptation, environment, explanation
    Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
    Specific Sciences > Biology
    Conferences and Volumes: [2004] Philosophy of Science Assoc. 19th Biennial Meeting - PSA2004: Contributed Papers (Austin, TX; 2004) > PSA 2004 Contributed Papers
    Depositing User: Bence Nanay
    Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2004
    Last Modified: 07 Oct 2010 11:12
    Item ID: 1911
    Public Domain: No
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/1911

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