How Science is applied in Technology: Explaining Basic Sciences in the Engineering Sciences.
The issue of this oral presentation is “How Science is applied in Technology”; more specifically, how science is used in developing knowledge of phenomena and processes that occur in technological devices. Firstly, a traditional picture of applying science in technology is sketched. This picture is inappropriate for understanding how science is used in the engineering science. Next, and alternative picture is proposed. In this alternative view, engineering sciences aim at models of physical phenomena in technological artifacts. A distinction is made between three types of models: diagrammatic models, nomo-mathematical models and experimental models. These models are mutually related,involve different types of already existing scientific knowledge, and involve distinct epistemological claims.
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