Bitbol, Michel (2008) Is Consciousness primary? UNSPECIFIED.
Six arguments against the view that conscious experience derives from a material basis are reviewed. These arguments arise from epistemology, phenomenology, neuropsychology, and philosophy of quantum mechanics. It turns out that any attempt at proving that conscious experience is ontologically secondary to material objects both fails and brings out its methodological and existential primacy. No alternative metaphysical view is espoused (not even a variety of Spinoza’s attractive double-aspect theory). Instead, an alternative stance, inspired from F. Varela’s neurophenomenology is advocated. This unfamiliar stance involves (i) a complete redefinition of the boundary between unquestioned assumptions and relevant questions ; (ii) a descent towards the common ground of the statements of phenomenology and objective natural science : a practice motivated by the quest of an expanding circle of intersubjective agreement.
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|Keywords:||Consciousness, epistemology, phenomenology, quantum mechanics, neurophysiology, neurophenomenology|
|Subjects:||Specific Sciences > Psychology/Psychiatry
Specific Sciences > Medicine
General Issues > Ethical Issues
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
General Issues > Operationalism/Instrumentalism
Specific Sciences > Physics > Quantum Mechanics
|Depositing User:||Michel Guy Simon Bitbol|
|Date Deposited:||29 Apr 2008|
|Last Modified:||07 Oct 2010 15:16|
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