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Newton's Neo-Platonic Ontology of Space

Slowik, Edward (2008) Newton's Neo-Platonic Ontology of Space. [Preprint]

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    Abstract

    This paper investigates Newton’s ontology of space in order to determine its commitment, if any, to both Cambridge neo-Platonism, which posits an incorporeal basis for space, and substantivalism, which regards space as a form of substance or entity. A non-substantivalist interpretation of Newton’s theory has been famously championed by Howard Stein and Robert DiSalle, among others, while both Stein and the early work of J. E. McGuire have downplayed the influence of Cambridge neo-Platonism on various aspects of Newton’s own spatial hypotheses. Both of these assertions will be shown to be problematic on various grounds, with special emphasis placed on Stein’s influential case for a non-substantivalist reading. Our analysis will strive, nonetheless, to reveal the unique or forward-looking aspects of Newton’s approach, most notably, his critical assessment of substance ontologies, that help to distinguish his theory of space from his neo-Platonic contemporaries and predecessors.


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    Item Type: Preprint
    Additional Information: This is a greatly modified version of the earlier paper, with many mistakes corrected as well.
    Keywords: Space and Time, Newton, Neo-Platonism, Henry More
    Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
    Specific Sciences > Physics
    Depositing User: Edward Slowik
    Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2008
    Last Modified: 07 Oct 2010 11:16
    Item ID: 4184
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/4184

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