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Biometric and Developmental Gene-Environment Interaction: Looking Back, Moving Forward

Tabery, James (2007) Biometric and Developmental Gene-Environment Interaction: Looking Back, Moving Forward. [Preprint]

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Abstract

I provide a history of research on G×E in this article, showing that there have actually been two distinct concepts of G×E since the very origins of this research. R. A. Fisher introduced what I call the biometric concept of G×E, or G×EB, while Lancelot Hogben introduced what I call the developmental concept of G×E, or G×ED. Much of the subsequent history of research on G×E has largely consisted in the separate legacies of these separate concepts, along with the (sometimes acrimonious) disputes that have arisen time and again when employers of each have argued over the appropriate way to conceptualize the phenomenon. With this history in place, I then consider more recent attempts to distinguish between different concepts of G×E, paying particular attention to the commonly made distinction between “statistical interaction” and “interactionism,” and also Michael Rutter’s distinction between “statistical interaction” and “the biological concept of interaction.” I argue that the history of the separate legacies of G×EB and G×ED better supports Rutter’s analysis of the situation, and that this analysis best paves the way for an integrative relationship between the various scientists investigating the place of G×E in the etiology of complex traits.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Tabery, James
Keywords: Causation, Genetics, Gene-Environment Interaction, Nature-Nurture Debate, Analysis of Variance, Biometry, Developmental Biology, Integration, Pluralism
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Molecular Biology/Genetics
Specific Sciences > Biology
General Issues > Causation
Specific Sciences > Biology > Developmental Biology
Depositing User: James Tabery
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2008
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2010 15:17
Item ID: 4207
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/4207

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