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Exemplars, Records, Tools: Organisms in Botanical Research, c. 1750-1850

Mueller-Wille, Staffan (2009) Exemplars, Records, Tools: Organisms in Botanical Research, c. 1750-1850. In: [2009] SPSP 2009: Society for Philosophy of Science in Practice (Minnesota, June 18-20, 2009).

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    Abstract

    In botany, garden and herbarium specimens have been used for purposes of systematic research since the mid-sixteenth century. The associated practices of collecting, exchanging and collating specimens were most influentially synthesized by Carl Linnaeus in the mid-eighteenth, although it should take roughly a century after Linnaeus’s death until they were formally canonized in international rules of nomenclature. The role of specimens and type-specimens in the history of natural history – a “metaphysics in action”, as Lorraine Daston calls it – has been discussed in a number of historical and philosophical studies in recent years. What has largely been overlooked, however, is the fact, that alongside the rise of the type specimen method, plants began to acquire another role in botanical research. In hybridization experiments, plants were increasingly used as tools to manipulate other plants, and the offspring resulting from these interventions as a kind of recording device to score the effects of hybridization. In my presentation I will look at select hybridisation experiments of the period to unravel the intricate relationship between natural historical and physiological concerns which governed this experimental practice.


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    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
    Keywords: biology, botany, experiment, natural history, model organisms
    Subjects: General Issues > Models and Idealization
    General Issues > Experimentation
    Conferences and Volumes: [2009] SPSP 2009: Society for Philosophy of Science in Practice (Minnesota, June 18-20, 2009)
    Depositing User: Staffan Mueller-Wille
    Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2009
    Last Modified: 07 Oct 2010 11:18
    Item ID: 4746
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/4746

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