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Kant's dynamic theory of matter in 1755, and its debt to speculative Newtonian experimentalism

Massimi, Michela (2009) Kant's dynamic theory of matter in 1755, and its debt to speculative Newtonian experimentalism. [Preprint]

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    Abstract

    This paper explores the scientific sources behind Kant’s early dynamic theory of matter in 1755, with a focus on two main Kant’s writings: Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens and On Fire. The year 1755 has often been portrayed by Kantian scholars as a turning point in the intellectual career of the young Kant, with his much debated conversion to Newton. Via a careful analysis of some salient themes in the two aforementioned works, and a reconstruction of the scientific sources behind them, this paper shows Kant’s debt to an often overlooked scientific tradition, i.e. speculative Newtonian experimentalism. The paper argues that more than the Principia, it was the speculative experimentalism that goes from Newton’s Opticks to Herman Boerhaave’s Elementa chemiae via Stephen Hales’ Vegetable Staticks that played a central role in the elaboration of Kant’s early dynamic theory of matter in 1755.


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    Item Type: Preprint
    Keywords: Kant, repulsive force, ether, Newton, Hales, Boerhaave
    Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
    Depositing User: Michela Massimi
    Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2009
    Last Modified: 07 Mar 2011 01:26
    Item ID: 4887
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/4887

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