A Theory of Non-Universal Laws.
Laws in the special sciences are usually regarded to be non-universal. Due to their non-universality, theories of laws in the special sciences face two challenges: (I) According to Lange’s dilemma, they are either false or trivial; (II) they have to meet the Requirement of Relevance. I argue that both challenges can be meet, if one distinguishes four dimensions of (non-)universality. In the upshot, I argue for the following explication of special science laws: L is a special science law iff (1) L is a system law, (2) L is backed up a methodology to describe disturbing factors and (3) L is invariant.
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