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Newton’s Challenge to Philosophy: a programmatic essay

Schliesser, Eric (2010) Newton’s Challenge to Philosophy: a programmatic essay. In: UNSPECIFIED.

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    Abstract

    The main point of this paper is to identify a set of interlocking views that became (and still are!) very influential within philosophy in the wake of Newton’s success. These views use the authority of natural philosophy/mechanics to settle debates within philosophy. I label these “Newton’s Challenge.” Newton had some hand in promoting them, but he is not responsible for all of them. My paper, thus, revisits an old theme articulated by A.E. Burt, but I offer new arguments and evidence. The heart of the paper (sections II-III) identifies the core set of related views that constitute “Newton’s Challenge.” In section IIA I draw on two eighteenth century figures (Euler and Musschenbroek) to introduce arguments that give evidence for the existence of “Newton’s Challenge” and distinguish four strands within it. In section IIB I use Berkeley as evidence that something like “Newton’s Challenge” was recognized by philosophical opponents to Newton and I identify in Berkeley’s work five counter-strategies. In section IIC, I identify Newton’s contribution to Newton’s Challenge. In section III, I use the writings by MacLaurin, ’s Gravesande, and Musschenbroek to identify eight arguments that constitute the way “Newton’s Challenge” was articulated and developed in practice by eighteenth century Newtonians.


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    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
    Keywords: Newton; science vs metaphysics; the origins of scientific philosophy; authority within philosophy
    Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
    Depositing User: Eric Schliesser
    Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2010
    Last Modified: 07 Oct 2010 11:19
    Item ID: 5143
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/5143

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