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Observational Equivalence of Deterministic and Indeterministic Descriptions and the Role of Different Observations

Werndl, Charlotte (2010) Observational Equivalence of Deterministic and Indeterministic Descriptions and the Role of Different Observations. In: [2009] EPSA09: 2nd Conference of the European Philosophy of Science Association (Amsterdam, 21-24 October, 2009) > EPSA 2009 Contributed Papers.

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    Abstract

    Recently some results have been presented which show that certain kinds of deterministic descriptions and indeterministic descriptions are observationally equivalent (Werndl 2009a, 2010). This paper focuses on some philosophical questions prompted by these results. More specifically, first, I will discuss the philosophical comments made by mathematicians about observational equivalence, in particular Ornstein and Weiss (1991). Their comments are vague, and I will argue that, according to a reasonable interpretation, they are misguided. Second, the results on observational equivalence raise the question of whether the deterministic or indeterministic description is preferable relative to all evidence. If none of them is preferable, there is underdetermination. I will criticize Winnie's (1998) argument that, by appealing to different observations, one finds that the deterministic description is preferable. In particular, I will clarify a confusion in this argument. Furthermore, I will argue that if the concern is a strong kind of underdetermination, the argument delivers the desired conclusion but this conclusion is trivial; and for other kinds of underdetermination of interest the argument fails.


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    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
    Keywords: Determinism, Indeterminism, Observational Equivalence, Underdetermination, Different Observations, Ergodic Theory
    Subjects: Specific Sciences > Physics > Classical Physics
    General Issues > Determinism/Indeterminism
    Specific Sciences > Physics > Statistical Mechanics/Thermodynamics
    Conferences and Volumes: [2009] EPSA09: 2nd Conference of the European Philosophy of Science Association (Amsterdam, 21-24 October, 2009) > EPSA 2009 Contributed Papers
    Depositing User: Charlotte Werndl
    Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2010
    Last Modified: 02 Jun 2011 07:00
    Item ID: 5215
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/5215

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