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Formal and Material Theories in Philosophy of Science: A Methodological Interpretation

Love, Alan (2010) Formal and Material Theories in Philosophy of Science: A Methodological Interpretation. In: [2009] EPSA09: 2nd Conference of the European Philosophy of Science Association (Amsterdam, 21-24 October, 2009) > EPSA 2009 Contributed Papers.

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    Abstract

    John Norton’s argument that all formal theories of induction fail raises substantive questions about the philosophical analysis of scientific reasoning. What are the criteria of adequacy for philosophical theories of induction, explanation, or theory structure? Is more than one adequate theory possible? Using a generalized version of Norton’s argument, I demonstrate that the competition between formal and material theories in philosophy of science results from adhering to different criteria of adequacy. This situation encourages an interpretation of “formal” and “material” as indicators of divergent criteria that accompany different philosophical methodologies. I characterize another criterion of adequacy associated with material theories, the avoidance of imported problems, and conclude that one way to negotiate between conflicting criteria is to adopt a pluralist stance toward philosophical theories of scientific reasoning.


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    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
    Keywords: Induction, Philosophical Methodology, Formal Theories, Material Theories, Pluralism
    Subjects: General Issues > Philosophers of Science
    Conferences and Volumes: [2009] EPSA09: 2nd Conference of the European Philosophy of Science Association (Amsterdam, 21-24 October, 2009) > EPSA 2009 Contributed Papers
    Depositing User: Alan Love
    Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2010
    Last Modified: 07 Oct 2010 11:19
    Item ID: 5222
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/5222

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