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Appraisal and Machiavellian Emotion

Griffiths, Paul E (2002) Appraisal and Machiavellian Emotion. [Preprint]

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    Abstract

    Emotional appraisal happens at more than one level. Low-level appraisals involve representations that are semantically coarse-grained, fuse the functional roles of belief and desire and have impoverished inferential roles, making it best to think of them as sub-conceptual. Multi-level theories of emotional appraisal are thus best conceived, not as theories of the actual conceptual content of emotional appraisals, but as ecological theories that identify the aspects of the environment that appraisal processes are tracking using diverse cognitive means. These aspects of the environment are what the environment �affords� the organism. Some of these affordances are �goal-affordances� - possibilities for future action. This perspective on emotional appraisal lends support to the idea that emotional appraisal is in part �Machiavellian� or �strategic�. Organisms take into account the payoffs resulting from an emotional response when determining whether the eliciting situation �warrants� that emotion.


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    Item Type: Preprint
    Keywords: emotion appraisal evolutionary psychology ecological perception affordances
    Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Psychology
    Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
    Depositing User: Paul Edmund Griffiths
    Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2002
    Last Modified: 07 Oct 2010 11:10
    Item ID: 667
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/667

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