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Turing's Two Tests for Intelligence

Sterrett, Susan G. (1999) Turing's Two Tests for Intelligence. [Preprint]

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    Abstract

    In ‘Computing Machinery and Intelligence’, Alan Turing actually proposed not one, but two, practical tests for deciding the question ‘Can a machine think?’ He presented them as equivalent. I show here that the first test described in that much-discussed paper is in fact not equivalent to the second one, which has since become known as ‘the Turing Test’. Although the first, neglected, test uses a human’s linguistic performance in setting an empirical test of intelligence, it does not make behavioral similarity to that performance the criterion of intelligence. The two tests yield different results, and the first provides a more appropriate measure of intelligence. -----------------------------


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    Item Type: Preprint
    Additional Information: Reprinted in The Turing Test: The Elusive Standard of Artificial Intelligence. Edited by James H. Moor. Kluwer Academic, 2003.
    Keywords: Turing, Intelligence, computer, computer intelligence, machine intelligence, Turing Test, computing machinery
    Subjects: Specific Sciences > Computer Science > Artificial Intelligence
    Depositing User: Dr Susan G. Sterrett
    Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2011 10:35
    Last Modified: 12 Feb 2011 10:35
    Item ID: 8480
    Journal or Publication Title: Minds and Machines
    Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/8480

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