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Turing's Two Tests for Intelligence

Sterrett, Susan G. (1999) Turing's Two Tests for Intelligence. [Preprint]

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In ‘Computing Machinery and Intelligence’, Alan Turing actually proposed not one, but two, practical tests for deciding the question ‘Can a machine think?’ He presented them as equivalent. I show here that the first test described in that much-discussed paper is in fact not equivalent to the second one, which has since become known as ‘the Turing Test’. Although the first, neglected, test uses a human’s linguistic performance in setting an empirical test of intelligence, it does not make behavioral similarity to that performance the criterion of intelligence. The two tests yield different results, and the first provides a more appropriate measure of intelligence.

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Item Type: Preprint
Sterrett, Susan
Additional Information: Reprinted in The Turing Test: The Elusive Standard of Artificial Intelligence. Edited by James H. Moor. Kluwer Academic, 2003.
Keywords: Turing, Intelligence, computer, computer intelligence, machine intelligence, Turing Test, computing machinery
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence
Depositing User: Dr Susan G. Sterrett
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2011 15:35
Last Modified: 28 May 2019 18:15
Item ID: 8480
Journal or Publication Title: Minds and Machines
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence
Date: 1999
Page Range: pp. 541-559
Volume: 10
Number: 4

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