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An Epistemology of Causal Inference from Experiment

Zwier, Karen R. (2012) An Epistemology of Causal Inference from Experiment. In: [2012] Philosophy of Science Assoc. 23rd Biennial Mtg (San Diego, CA) > PSA 2012 Contributed Papers.

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    Abstract

    The manipulationist account of causation provides a conceptual analysis of cause-effect relationships in terms of hypothetical experiments. It also explains why and how experiments are used for the empirical testing of causal claims. This paper attempts to apply the manipulationist account of causation to a broader range of experiments—a range that extends beyond experiments explicitly designed for the testing of causal claims. I aim to show (1) that the set of causal inferences afforded by an experiment is determined solely on the basis of contrasting case structures that I call “experimental series”, and (2) that the conditions that suffice for causal inference obtain quite commonly, even among “ordinary” experiments that are not explicitly designed for the testing of causal claims.


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    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
    Keywords: causation, experiment, Gasparo Berti, water barometer, vacuum
    Subjects: General Issues > Causation
    General Issues > Experimentation
    General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
    Conferences and Volumes: [2012] Philosophy of Science Assoc. 23rd Biennial Mtg (San Diego, CA) > PSA 2012 Contributed Papers
    Depositing User: Karen R. Zwier
    Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2012 10:25
    Last Modified: 04 Nov 2012 10:25
    Item ID: 9397
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/9397

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