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The “Object Theoretic Operational” View of Natural Science

Lipkin, Arkadiy (2012) The “Object Theoretic Operational” View of Natural Science. [Preprint]

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    In this paper, I argue that the conceptual changes that occurred in the structure of physical knowledge during the second half of the 19th century, are reflected by the concept of the “primary ideal object” (PIO) and its implicit definition within appropriate systems of statements, called a “nucleus of a branch of physics” (NBP). Within an NBP focus shifts away from discovering “laws of nature” to observations of a physical object (system) and its states, while the distinct notion of “measurable” replaces the vague notion “observable”. On the basis of this notion, the roles of physical models and measurements within physics, different kinds of work, experiments, and laws are discussed. Next follows a discussion of different levels of change in science, after which this distinction is compared to Kuhn’s model. Finally, I present a new combination of “realism” and “constructivism”, which differs from both the “constructive empiricism” of van Fraassen and from different “empirical realisms”.

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    Item Type: Preprint
    Keywords: foundation of branch of physics, primary ideal object, secondary ideal object, physical model, observable, measurement, preparation, experiment, realism, constructivism, Kuhn's model,levels of conceptual change in the natural sciences
    Subjects: General Issues > Experimentation
    General Issues > Laws of Nature
    Specific Sciences > Physics
    General Issues > Realism/Anti-realism
    General Issues > Structure of Theories
    General Issues > Theory/Observation
    Depositing User: Dr. Arkdiy Lipkin
    Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2012 10:19
    Last Modified: 25 Nov 2012 10:19
    Item ID: 9460

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