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Kuhn, Sarton, and the history of science

Pinto de Oliveira, J. C. and Oliveira, Amelia J. (2013) Kuhn, Sarton, and the history of science. [Preprint]

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Abstract

The scientific work of Leonardo da Vinci may have served as the main inspiration for the historical research of George Sarton. Although he never produced a work he felt was worthy of its subject, the little that he did write about Leonardo reveals the importance he attributed to him in the history of science. This is especially clear in Sarton´s treatment of Leonardo and a discovery he did not make: William Harvey´s discovery of blood circulation in the 17th Century. In this article, we refer to this particular episode to trace Sarton´s conception of the development of science. It is a conception that illustrates well the traditional historiographic perspective that is the target of Thomas Kuhn´s criticisms. Although Kuhn never wrote about Leonardo or Harvey, we aim to show that he clearly positioned himself contrary to Sarton, albeit indirectly, with respect to this particular historical episode, as well.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Pinto de Oliveira, J. C.jcpinto@unicamp.br
Oliveira, Amelia J.amelijeso@gmail.com
Keywords: Kuhn, Sarton, Leonardo da Vinci, history of science, Butterfield, William Harvey, Galen
Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
General Issues > Philosophers of Science
Depositing User: J. C. Pinto de Oliveira
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2013 14:35
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2013 14:35
Item ID: 10078
Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
General Issues > Philosophers of Science
Date: 2 November 2013
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/10078

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