PhilSci Archive

Abduction of Generalizations

Gauderis, Tjerk and Van de Putte, Frederik (2012) Abduction of Generalizations. THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science, 27 (3). pp. 345-363. ISSN 2171-679X

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Abstract

Abduction of generalizations is the process in which explanatory hypotheses are formed for generalizations such as “pineapples taste sweet” or “rainbows appear when the sun breaks through the rain”. This phenomenon has received little attention in formal logic and philosophy of science. The current paper remedies this lacuna by first giving an overview of some general characteristics of this process, elaborating on its ubiquity in scientific and everyday
reasoning. Second, the adaptive logic LA8 is presented to explicate this process formally.

La abducción de generalizaciones es el proceso en el que se forman hipótesis explicativas para generalizaciones tales como "las piñas saben dulce" o "el arcoiris aparece cuando el sol sale a través de la lluvia". Este fenómeno ha recibido poca atención tanto en lógica formal como en filosofía de la ciencia. Este artículo viene a llenar este hueco. En primer lugar, ofrecemos una panorámica de algunas características generales de este proceso, analizando
su ubicuidad en el razonamiento científico y cotidiano. En segundo lugar, se presenta la lógica adaptativa LA8 para dar una explicación formal de este proceso.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Gauderis, Tjerk
Van de Putte, Frederik
Additional Information: ISSN: 0495-4548 (print)
Keywords: abduction; hypothesis formation; patterns of abduction; adaptive logics
Depositing User: Users 15304 not found.
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2014 21:03
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2014 21:04
Item ID: 10199
Journal or Publication Title: THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science
Publisher: Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea / Universidad del País Vasco
Official URL: http://www.ehu.es/ojs/index.php/THEORIA/article/vi...
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1387/theoria.4059
Date: September 2012
Page Range: pp. 345-363
Volume: 27
Number: 3
ISSN: 2171-679X
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/10199

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