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Levels of Selection are Artefacts of Different Fitness Temporal Measures

Bourrat, Pierrick (2014) Levels of Selection are Artefacts of Different Fitness Temporal Measures. [Preprint]

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Abstract

In this paper I argue against the claim, recently put forward by some philosophers of biology and evolutionary biologists, that there can be two or more ontologically distinct levels of selection. I show by comparing the fitness of individuals with that of collectives of individuals in the same environment and over the same period of time – as required to decide if one or more levels of selection is acting in a population – that the selection of collectives is a by-product of selection at the individual level; thus, talking about two or more levels of selection represents merely a different perspective on one and the same process.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Bourrat, Pierrickp.bourrat@gmail.com
Keywords: Levels of Selection; Species Selection; Multilevel Selection; Natural Selection
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
Depositing User: Mr Pierrick Bourrat
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2014 14:41
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2014 14:41
Item ID: 10341
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
Date: 2014
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/10341

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