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La reducción de lo posible. René Thom y el determinismo causal

Espinoza, Miguel (2007) La reducción de lo posible. René Thom y el determinismo causal. THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science, 22 (2). pp. 233-251. ISSN 2171-679X

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Abstract

La tesis principal de este ensayo estipula que el determinismo causal es una propiedad de la naturaleza y el primer principio de la inteligibilidad natural. Se expresa, por ejemplo, en la frase de Lucrecio: “Nada surge de la nada ni va hacia la nada”. Todo lo que existe es efecto de una red de causas y es a su vez causa de otras cosas. Se sigue que la teoría científica orientada hacia la inteligibilidad —diferente de la ciencia positivista y pragmática— es la búsqueda de determinismo causal. El desarrollo de esta tesis utiliza como hilo conductor el pensamiento de René Thom. Esto significa que el determinismo causal se examina en su relación con (I) la estabilidad y la inestabilidad, (II) el desafío de la mecánica cuántica, (III) las raíces aporéticas de la ciencia tal como la dualidad determinismo-indeterminismo, y finalmente (IV) en su relación con el método para ponerlo de manifiesto, es decir la reducción de lo posible —estrategia que es, en este dominio, una de las ideas más originales de Thom.

The main thesis of this essay is that causal determinism is a property of nature and the main principle of natural intelligibility. It can be expressed in Lucretius’ words: “Nothing comes out of nothing or passes into nothing”. Everything is the effect of a web of causes and is, in its turn, cause of something else. It follows that the essence of an intelligibility-oriented scientific theory —which is different from science in a positivist or pragmatist sense— is the search for causal determinism. The development of this thesis is guided by René Thom’s thought. This means that causal determinism is analysed, first, in its relation to stability and instability; second, in its relation to the prima facie indeterminism of quantum mechanics; third, in its relation to the aporetic roots of science such as the duality determinism —indeterminism, and, finally, in its relation to the method which allows science to follow the causal determinist ideal: the reduction of the possible— a strategy which is, in this field, one of Thom’s most original ideas.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Espinoza, Miguelmiguel.espinoza@wanadoo.fr
Additional Information: ISSN: 0495-4548 (print)
Keywords: determinismo causal, inteligibilidad natural, explicación científica, René Thom, ciencia y metafísica realista, causal determinism, natural intelligibility, scientific explanation, science and realist metaphysics
Depositing User: Users 15304 not found.
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2014 20:05
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2014 21:50
Item ID: 10431
Journal or Publication Title: THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science
Publisher: Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea / Universidad del País Vasco
Official URL: http://www.ehu.es/ojs/index.php/THEORIA/article/vi...
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1387/theoria.469
Date: 2007
Page Range: pp. 233-251
Volume: 22
Number: 2
ISSN: 2171-679X
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/10431

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