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Charles Darwin and Sir John F. W. Herschel: Nineteenth-Century Science and its Methodology

Pence, Charles H. (2015) Charles Darwin and Sir John F. W. Herschel: Nineteenth-Century Science and its Methodology. In: UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

There is a bewildering variety of claims connecting Darwin to nineteenth-century philosophy of science – including to Herschel, Whewell, Lyell, German Romanticism, Comte, and others. I argue here that Herschel's influence on Darwin is undeniable. The form of this influence, however, is often misunderstood. Darwin was not merely taking the concept of "analogy" from Herschel, nor was he combining such an analogy with a consilience as argued for by Whewell. On the contrary, Darwin's Origin is written in precisely the manner that one would expect were Darwin attempting to model his work on the precepts found in Herschel's Preliminary Discourse on Natural Science. While Hodge has worked out a careful interpretation of both Darwin and Herschel, drawing similar conclusions, his interpretation misreads Herschel's use of the vera causa principle, as well as the role of hypotheses in scientific theory construction. The new reading that I present here resolves this trouble, combining Hodge's careful treatment of the structure of the Origin with a more cautious understanding of Herschel's philosophy of science. This interpretation lets us understand why Darwin laid out the Origin in the way that he did, and also why Herschel so strongly disagreed.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Pence, Charles H.charles@charlespence.net
Keywords: Charles Darwin; John F. W. Herschel; William Whewell; vera causa; analogy; consilience
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
General Issues > Philosophers of Science
Depositing User: Charles H. Pence
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2015 14:28
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2015 14:28
Item ID: 11645
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
General Issues > Philosophers of Science
Date: 30 August 2015
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/11645

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