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Inequity and Inequality in the Emergence of Conventions

Cochran, Calvin and O'Connor, Cailin (2019) Inequity and Inequality in the Emergence of Conventions. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Many societies have state norms of equity---that those who make symmetric social contributions deserve symmetric rewards. Despite this, there are widespread patterns of social inequity, especially along gender and racial lines. It is often the case that members of certain social groups receive greater rewards per contribution than others. In this paper, we draw on evolutionary game theory to show that the emergence of this sort of inequitable convention is far from surprising. In simple cultural evolutionary models, inequity is much more likely to emerge than equity, despite the presence of stable, equitable outcomes that groups might instead learn. As we outline, social groups provide a way to break symmetry between actors in determining both contributions and rewards in joint projects.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Cochran, Calvinctcochra@uci.edu
O'Connor, Cailincailino@uci.edu
Keywords: inequity, inequality, game theory, evolutionary game theory, bargaining, norms
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Economics
General Issues > Ethical Issues
General Issues > Feminist Approaches
General Issues > Models and Idealization
Specific Sciences > Sociology
Depositing User: Dr. Cailin O'Connor
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2018 19:02
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2019 20:30
Item ID: 14340
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Economics
General Issues > Ethical Issues
General Issues > Feminist Approaches
General Issues > Models and Idealization
Specific Sciences > Sociology
Date: 30 January 2019
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14340

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