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Beyond A-Theory and the Block Universe: A non-circular derivation of “before”, change, and the local arrow of time

Saudek, Daniel (2018) Beyond A-Theory and the Block Universe: A non-circular derivation of “before”, change, and the local arrow of time. [Preprint]

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Abstract

This article proposes a “third way” in the philosophy of time beyond A-theory and the block universe, in which time is understood as a purely local phenomenon. It does so by starting with simple metaphysical assumptions about substances and their properties. Based on these assumptions, the notions of “before”, of change, and of time as local quantification of change can be derived non-circularly, i.e. without invoking temporal concepts. I then proceed to prove the irreversibility of local time by showing that the propositional content of the local past cannot be changed, since this would imply a contradiction, whereas that of the future can. Time’s familiar asymmetric character, in particular the difference between the fixed past and the open or “branching” future, is therefore a non-illusory but purely local phenomenon. Such a model requires no past-present-future distinction valid for the entire cosmos, and is therefore consistent with special and general relativity.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Saudek, Danieldaniel.saudek@vinzentinum.it0000-0002-1393-5791
Keywords: time asymmetry, block universe, A-theory, causal theory of time, branching future, relativity theory
Subjects: General Issues > Causation
Specific Sciences > Physics > Cosmology
Specific Sciences > Physics > Relativity Theory
Depositing User: Dr. Daniel Saudek
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2018 16:26
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2018 16:26
Item ID: 14441
Subjects: General Issues > Causation
Specific Sciences > Physics > Cosmology
Specific Sciences > Physics > Relativity Theory
Date: 8 March 2018
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14441

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