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Regression to the mean and Judy Benjamin

McCutcheon, Randall G. (2018) Regression to the mean and Judy Benjamin. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Van Fraassen's Judy Benjamin problem asks how one ought to update one's credence in A upon receiving evidence of the sort ``A may or may not obtain, but B is k times likelier than C'', where {A,B,C} is a partition. Van Fraassen's
solution, in the limiting case of increasing k, recommends a posterior converging to the probability of A conditional on A union B, where P is one's prior probability function. Grove and Halpern, and more recently Douven and Romeijn, have argued that one ought to leave credence in A unchanged, i.e. fixed at P(A). We argue that while the former approach is superior, it brings about a reflection violation due in part to neglect of a ``regression to the mean'' phenomenon, whereby when C is eliminated by random evidence that leaves A and B alive, the ratio P(A):P(B) ought to drift in the direction of 1:1.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
McCutcheon, Randall G.rmcctchn@memphis.edu
Additional Information: Penultimate version; to appear in Synthese.
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
Depositing User: Dr. Randall G. McCutcheon
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2018 21:16
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2018 21:16
Item ID: 14459
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
Date: 13 March 2018
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14459

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