PhilSci Archive

Explanation classification depends on understanding: extending the epistemic side-effect effect

Wilkenfeld, Daniel and Lombrozo, Tania (2018) Explanation classification depends on understanding: extending the epistemic side-effect effect. [Preprint]

This is the latest version of this item.

[img]
Preview
Text
EESEE.pdf

Download (546kB) | Preview

Abstract

Our goal in this paper is to experimentally investigate whether folk conceptions of explanation are psychologistic. In particular, are people more likely to classify speech acts as explanations when they cause understanding in their recipient? The empirical evidence that we present suggests this is so. Using the side-effect effect as a marker of mental state ascriptions, we argue that lay judgments of explanatory status are mediated by judgments of a speaker’s and/or audience’s mental states. First, we show that attributions of both understanding and explanation exhibit a side-effect effect. Next, we show that when the speaker’s and audience’s level of understanding is stipulated, the explanation side-effect effect goes away entirely. These results not only extend the side-effect effect to attributions of understanding, they also suggest that attributions of explanation exhibit a side-effect effect because they depend upon attributions of understanding, supporting the idea that folk conceptions of explanation are psychologistic.


Export/Citation: EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII/Text Citation (Chicago) | HTML Citation | OpenURL
Social Networking:
Share |

Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Wilkenfeld, Danieldawilk@gmail.com0000-0003-2600-3237
Lombrozo, Tanialombrozo@berkeley.edu
Keywords: Explanation, understanding, side-effect effect, psychologism
Subjects: General Issues > Explanation
Specific Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Dr. Daniel Wilkenfeld
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2018 14:05
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2018 14:05
Item ID: 14732
Subjects: General Issues > Explanation
Specific Sciences > Psychology
Date: 2018
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14732

Available Versions of this Item

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Monthly Downloads for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item