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A Stronger Bell Argument for (Some Kind of) Parameter Dependence

Näger, Paul M. (2018) A Stronger Bell Argument for (Some Kind of) Parameter Dependence. [Preprint]

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It is widely accepted that the violation of Bell inequalities excludes local theories of the quantum realm. This paper presents a new derivation of the inequalities from non-trivial non-local theories and formulates a stronger Bell argument excluding also these non-local theories. Taking into account all possible theories, the conclusion of this stronger argument provably is the strongest possible consequence from the violation of Bell inequalities on a qualitative probabilistic level (given usual background assumptions). Among the forbidden theories is a subset of outcome dependent theories showing that outcome dependence is not sufficient for explaining a violation of Bell inequalities. Non-local theories which can violate Bell inequalities (among them quantum theory) are rather characterised by the fact that at least one of the measurement outcomes in some sense (which is made precise) probabilistically depends both on its local as well as on its distant measurement setting (‘parameter’). When Bell inequalities are found to be violated, the true choice is not ‘outcome dependence or parameter dependence’ but between two kinds of parameter dependences, one of them being what is usually called ‘parameter dependence’. Against the received view established by Jarrett and Shimony that on a probabilistic level quantum non-locality amounts to outcome dependence, this result confirms and makes precise Maudlin’s claim that some kind of parameter dependence is required.

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Item Type: Preprint
Näger, Paul M.paul.naeger@wwu.de0000-0002-0251-2531
Additional Information: forthcoming in: Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics
Keywords: philosophy of physics, quantum theory, quantum entanglement, Bell's theorem, Bell inequalities, quantum non-locality, outcome dependence, parameter dependence
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Physics > Quantum Mechanics
Depositing User: Dr. Paul M. Näger
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2018 15:56
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2018 15:56
Item ID: 14850
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.shpsb.2017.03.002
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Physics > Quantum Mechanics
Date: 2018

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