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Closing in on the Cosmos: Cosmology's Rebirth and the Rise of the Dark Matter Problem

de Swart, Jaco (2019) Closing in on the Cosmos: Cosmology's Rebirth and the Rise of the Dark Matter Problem. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Influenced by the renaissance of general relativity that came to pass in the 1950s, the character of cosmology fundamentally changed in the 1960s as it became a well-established empirical science. Although observations went to dominate its practice, extra-theoretical beliefs and principles reminiscent of methodological debates in the 1950s kept playing an important tacit role in cosmological considerations. Specifically, belief in cosmologies that modeled a "closed universe" based on Machian insights remained influential. The rise of the dark matter problem in the early 1970s serves to illustrate this hybrid methodological character of cosmological science.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
de Swart, Jacoj.g.deswart@uva.nl0000-0002-2545-0409
Additional Information: A chapter to be published in the upcoming "Einstein Studies" volume edited by A. Blum, R. Lalli and J. Renn.
Keywords: dark matter, cosmology, history of cosmology, philosophy of cosmology, methodology, pluralism, Mach
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Physics > Cosmology
General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
Specific Sciences > Physics
Depositing User: J.G. de Swart
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2019 14:59
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2019 14:59
Item ID: 15821
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Physics > Cosmology
General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
Specific Sciences > Physics
Date: 14 March 2019
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/15821

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