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Ethnoontology: Ways of world‐building across cultures

Ludwig, David and Weiskopf, Dan (2019) Ethnoontology: Ways of world‐building across cultures. Philosophy Compass.

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Abstract

This article outlines a program of ethnoontology that brings together empirical research in the ethnosciences with ontological debates in philosophy. First, we survey empirical evidence from heterogeneous cultural contexts and disciplines. Second, we propose a model of cross‐cultural relations between ontologies beyond a simple divide between universalist and relativist models. Third, we argue for an integrative model of ontology building that synthesizes insights from different fields such as biological taxonomy, cognitive science, cultural anthropology, and political ecology. We conclude by arguing that a program of ethnoontology provides philosophers both with insights about traditional issues such as debates about natural kinds and with novel strategies for connecting philosophy with pressing global issues such as the conservation of local environments and the self‐determination of Indigenous communities.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Ludwig, Daviddavid.ludwig@wur.nl
Weiskopf, Dan
Keywords: Ontology, Meta-Ontology, Ethnobiology, Ethnoscience, Cross-Cultural Philosophy, Natural Kinds
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Anthropology
Specific Sciences > Biology
General Issues > Natural Kinds
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: Dr David Ludwig
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2019 13:39
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2019 13:39
Item ID: 16275
Journal or Publication Title: Philosophy Compass
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1111/phc3.12621
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Anthropology
Specific Sciences > Biology
General Issues > Natural Kinds
General Issues > Values In Science
Date: 2019
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/16275

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