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Evidence Amalgamation in the Sciences: An Introduction

Fletcher, Samuel C. and Landes, Juergen and Poellinger, Roland (2018) Evidence Amalgamation in the Sciences: An Introduction. Synthese, 196 (8). pp. 3163-3188. ISSN 1573-0964

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Abstract

Amalgamating evidence from heterogeneous sources and across levels of inquiry is becoming increasingly important in many pure and applied sciences. This special issue provides a forum for researchers from diverse scientific and philosophical perspectives to discuss evidence amalgamation, its methodologies, its history, its pitfalls and its potential. We situate the contributions therein within six themes from the broad literature on this subject: the variety-of-evidence thesis, the philosophy of meta-analysis, the role of robustness/sensitivity analysis for evidence amalgamation, its bearing on questions of extrapolation and external validity of experiments, its connection with theory development, and its interface with causal inference, especially regarding causal theories of cancer.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Fletcher, Samuel C.scfletch@umn.edu0000-0002-9061-8976
Landes, JuergenJuergen.Landes@lrz.uni-muenchen.de0000-0003-3105-6624
Poellinger, RolandRoland.Poellinger@outlook.com0000-0002-0487-4034
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited version.
Keywords: Variety-of-evidence thesis, Meta-analysis, Sensitivity analysis, Extrapolation, External validity, Theory development, Causal inference, Causal theories of cancer
Subjects: General Issues > Evidence
Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
Depositing User: Prof. Samuel C. Fletcher
Date Deposited: 26 May 2020 23:03
Last Modified: 26 May 2020 23:03
Item ID: 17238
Journal or Publication Title: Synthese
Publisher: Springer (Springer Science+Business Media B.V.)
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/s11229-018-1840-6
Subjects: General Issues > Evidence
Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
Date: 17 December 2018
Page Range: pp. 3163-3188
Volume: 196
Number: 8
ISSN: 1573-0964
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/17238

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