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Closing in on the Cosmos: Cosmology's Rebirth and the Rise of the Dark Matter Problem

de Swart, Jaco (2020) Closing in on the Cosmos: Cosmology's Rebirth and the Rise of the Dark Matter Problem. In: Blum A.S., Lalli R., Renn J. (eds) The Renaissance of General Relativity in Context. Einstein Studies, vol 16. pp. 257-284. ISSN 978-3-030-50754-1

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Abstract

Influenced by the renaissance of general relativity that came to pass in the 1950s, the character of cosmology fundamentally changed in the 1960s as it became a well-established empirical science. Although observations went to dominate its practice, extra-theoretical beliefs and principles reminiscent of methodological debates in the 1950s kept playing an important tacit role in cosmological considerations. Specifically, belief in cosmologies that modeled a “closed universe” based on Machian insights remained influential. The rise of the dark matter problem in the early 1970s serves to illustrate this hybrid methodological character of cosmological science.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
de Swart, Jacoj.g.deswart@uva.nl0000-0002-2545-0409
Keywords: dark matter, cosmology, history of cosmology, philosophy of cosmology, methodology, pluralism, Mach
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Physics > Cosmology
General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
Specific Sciences > Physics
Specific Sciences > Physics > Relativity Theory
Depositing User: J.G. de Swart
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2020 04:08
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2020 04:08
Item ID: 18418
Journal or Publication Title: In: Blum A.S., Lalli R., Renn J. (eds) The Renaissance of General Relativity in Context. Einstein Studies, vol 16
Publisher: Birkhauser, Cham
Official URL: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-03...
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-50754-1_8
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Physics > Cosmology
General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
Specific Sciences > Physics
Specific Sciences > Physics > Relativity Theory
Date: 13 November 2020
Page Range: pp. 257-284
ISSN: 978-3-030-50754-1
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/18418

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