PhilSci Archive

Neyman-Pearson Hypothesis Testing, Epistemic Reliability and Pragmatic Value-Laden Asymmetric Error Risks

Kubiak, Adam and Kawalec, Pawel and Kiersztyn, Adam (2021) Neyman-Pearson Hypothesis Testing, Epistemic Reliability and Pragmatic Value-Laden Asymmetric Error Risks. [Preprint]

WarningThere is a more recent version of this item available.
[img] Text
Epistemic Reliability of NP and Pragmatic Values 10_01_2021.docx

Download (109kB)

Abstract

We show that if among the tested hypotheses the number of true hypotheses is not equal to the number of false hypotheses, then Neyman-Pearson theory of testing hypotheses does not warrant minimal epistemic reliability (the feature of driving to true conclusions more often than to false ones). We also argue that N-P does not protect from the possible negative effects of the pragmatic value-laden unequal setting of error probabilities on N-P’s epistemic reliability. Most importantly, we argue that in the case of a negative impact no methodological adjustment is available to neutralize it, so in such cases the discussed pragmatic-value-ladenness of N-P inevitably compromises the goal of attaining truth.


Export/Citation: EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII/Text Citation (Chicago) | HTML Citation | OpenURL
Social Networking:
Share |

Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Kubiak, Adamadampkubiak@gmail.com0000-0001-7178-3784
Kawalec, Pawelpawel.kawalec@kul.pl0000-0001-7618-8298
Kiersztyn, Adamadam.kiersztyn.pl@gmail.com0000-0001-5222-8101
Keywords: frequentism; predictive value; statistical test; reliability; context; pragmatic values
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: Adam Kubiak
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2021 14:53
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2021 14:53
Item ID: 18594
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
General Issues > Values In Science
Date: 10 January 2021
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/18594

Available Versions of this Item

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Monthly Downloads for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item