PhilSci Archive

Is the photon really a particle?

Klevgard, Paul A. (2021) Is the photon really a particle? Optik International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, 237. ISSN 0030-4026

WarningThere is a more recent version of this item available.

Download (238kB) | Preview


Photons deliver their energy and momentum to a point on a material target. It is commonplace to attribute this to particle impact. But since the in-flight photon also has a wave nature, we are stuck with the paradox of wave-particle duality. It is argued here that the photon’s wave nature is indisputable, but its particle nature is open to question.
Photons deliver energy. The problem with invoking impact as a means of delivery is that energy becomes a payload which in turn requires a particle. This assumes that energy is always a payload and there is but one mode of energy delivery; surely two unsupported assumptions.
It should be possible to explain photon termination without invoking particle impact. One approach offered here is to question the assumption that the photon is a unitary object. Perhaps the photon has two linked-but-distinct identities: one supporting wave behavior and the other supporting discrete behavior. It is the latter that might imitate particle impact. Supporting video at:

Export/Citation: EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII/Text Citation (Chicago) | HTML Citation | OpenURL
Social Networking:
Share |

Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Klevgard, Paul
Additional Information: Version 1a submitted. Available online March 6, 2021. Print version in July 2021 issue.
Keywords: wave-particle duality; photon; dualism; radiation, kinetic energy
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Physics > Quantum Mechanics
Depositing User: Dr. Paul Klevgard
Date Deposited: 21 May 2021 02:12
Last Modified: 21 May 2021 02:12
Item ID: 19080
Journal or Publication Title: Optik International Journal for Light and Electron Optics
Publisher: Elsevier
Official URL:
DOI or Unique Handle:
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Physics > Quantum Mechanics
Date: July 2021
Volume: 237
ISSN: 0030-4026

Available Versions of this Item

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Monthly Downloads for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item