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Value management and model pluralism in climate science

Jebeile, Julie and Crucifix, Michel (2021) Value management and model pluralism in climate science. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Non-epistemic values pervade climate modelling, as is now well documented and widely discussed in the philosophy
of climate science. Recently, Parker and Winsberg have drawn attention to what can be termed “epistemic
inequality”: this is the risk that climate models might more accurately represent the future climates of the
geographical regions prioritised by the values of the modellers. In this paper, we promote value management as a
way of overcoming epistemic inequality. We argue that value management can be seriously considered as soon as
the value-free ideal and inductive risk arguments commonly used to frame the discussions of value influence in
climate science are replaced by alternative social accounts of objectivity. We consider objectivity in Longino's
sense as well as strong objectivity in Harding's sense to be relevant options here, because they offer concrete
proposals that can guide scientific practice in evaluating and designing so-called multi-model ensembles and, in
fine, improve their capacity to quantify and express uncertainty in climate projections.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Jebeile, Juliejulie.jebeile@philo.unibe.ch0000-0002-7164-5848
Crucifix, Michelmichel.crucifix@uclouvain.be0000-0002-3437-4911
Keywords: Climate models, Multi-model ensemble, Uncertainty quantification, Model pluralism, Scientific objectivity, Values in science, Value-free ideal, Strong objectivity
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Climate Science and Meteorology
General Issues > Feminist Approaches
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: Dr. Julie Jebeile
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2021 17:18
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2021 17:18
Item ID: 19215
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1016/j.shpsa.2021.06.004
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Climate Science and Meteorology
General Issues > Feminist Approaches
General Issues > Values In Science
Date: 22 June 2021
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/19215

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