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Testing and discovery: Responding to challenges to digital philosophy of science

Pence, Charles H. (2022) Testing and discovery: Responding to challenges to digital philosophy of science. [Preprint]

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Abstract

For all that digital methods—including network visualization, text analysis, and others—have begun to show extensive promise in philosophical contexts, a tension remains between two uses of those tools that have often been taken to be incompatible, or at least to engage in a kind of trade-off: the discovery of new hypotheses and the testing of already-formulated positions. This paper presents this basic distinction, then explores ways to resolve this tension with the help of two interdisciplinary case studies, taken from preregistration in contemporary science and the debate over whig history in the history of science. These case studies, the paper argues, refocus our attention from a mutually exclusive testing/discovery binary to the relationship between our background data or philosophical views and the empirical generalizations that we might draw from the data. Finally, it develops a set of three challenges for philosophers and corresponding avenues for future work that will, it is hoped, allow us to better justify our use of these methods.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Pence, Charles H.charles@charlespence.net0000-0002-6836-6047
Subjects: General Issues > Philosophers of Science
General Issues > Rhetoric of Science
Depositing User: Charles H. Pence
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2022 04:28
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2022 04:28
Item ID: 20383
Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/m...
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1111/meta.12549
Subjects: General Issues > Philosophers of Science
General Issues > Rhetoric of Science
Date: 22 March 2022
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/20383

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