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Hodgson on the relations between philosophy, science and time

Andersen, Holly (2022) Hodgson on the relations between philosophy, science and time. British Journal for the History of Philosophy.

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Abstract

Shadworth Hodgson offers an account of how philosophy relates to science - both physical and psychological - in which three different conceptions of time can be identified. He distinguishes the methods of philosophy, involving analysis of the contents of immediate consciousness, and of science, which presumes the existence of the world of common sense. Hodgson holds that philosophical analysis of immediate consciousness, or the analysis of a present moment in the experience, provides the ultimate justification for knowledge in science. Time as an object of study in science must be distinguished from the temporal structure of immediate consciousness. Time as a target of scientific study is thus differentiable into time in physical science, and time in psychology, where the temporal characteristics of consciousness can be studied, but only from a perspective external to that consciousness. Each of those scientific conceptions of time still presupposes and are evidentially dependent on the analysis of immediate consciousness, itself already temporal. The result is that time as a fundamental unit of experience could not, even in principle, conflict with time as studied in science, because it is presupposed by and the evidential base for claims about time in science.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Andersen, Hollyholly_andersen@sfu.ca0000-0002-7950-8186
Keywords: Hodgson, consciousness, time, experience, empiricism
Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Specific Sciences > Physics
Specific Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Dr. Holly Andersen
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2022 04:08
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2022 04:08
Item ID: 20406
Journal or Publication Title: British Journal for the History of Philosophy
Publisher: Taylor and Francis
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/09608788.2022.2046544
DOI or Unique Handle: doi.org/10.1080/09608788.2022.2046544
Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Specific Sciences > Physics
Specific Sciences > Psychology
Date: 25 March 2022
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/20406

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