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Local, General and Universal Prediction Strategies: A Game-Theoretical Approach to the Problem of Induction

Schurz, Gerhard (2008) Local, General and Universal Prediction Strategies: A Game-Theoretical Approach to the Problem of Induction. In: [2007] EPSA07: 1st Conference of the European Philosophy of Science Association (Madrid, 15-17 November, 2007).

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    Abstract

    In this paper I present a game-theoretical approach to the problem of induction. I investigate the comparative success of prediction methods by mathematical analysis and computer programming. Hume's problem lies in the fact that although the success of object-inductive prediction strategies is quite robust, they cannot be universally optimal. My proposal towards a solution of the problem of induction is meta-induction. I show that there exist meta-inductive prediction strategies whose success is universally optimal, modulo short-run losses which are upper-bounded. I then turn to the implications of my approach for the evolution of cognition. In the final section I suggest a revision of the paradigm of bounded rationality by introducing the distinction between local, general and universal prediction strategies.


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    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
    Keywords: Problem of Induction, Meta-Induction, Prediction Method, Optimality, Universality, Bounded Rationality, Take the Best, Evolution of Cognition
    Subjects: General Issues > Confirmation/Induction
    Conferences and Volumes: [2007] EPSA07: 1st Conference of the European Philosophy of Science Association (Madrid, 15-17 November, 2007)
    Depositing User: Gerhard Schurz
    Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2008
    Last Modified: 07 Oct 2010 11:16
    Item ID: 3944
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/3944

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