Longy, Françoise (2008) Natural Selection as a Cause: Probability, Chance, and Selective Biases. In:  Philosophy of Science Assoc. 21st Biennial Mtg (Pittsburgh, PA) > PSA 2008 Contributed Papers.
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To what do "natural selection" and "genetic drift" refer? To causes, as is usually thought? Or to mere statistical effects? The question arises because assessing causes faces specific difficulties when stochastic processes are concerned. In this paper, I establish that a central anti-causalist argument from Matthen and Ariew (2002) does not work, because selection doesn't depend on chance (or unknown factors) in the manner that current analogies with games of chance suggest. I then explain how a clear understanding of how chance and biases are involved in natural selection supports one form of causalism, while every other form has indeed to be rejected.
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|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)|
|Keywords:||Natural selection, genetic drift, probability, selective factor, chance, biased chance, cause of evolution, interpretation of the theory of evolution|
|Subjects:||Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics|
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
General Issues > Causation
|Conferences and Volumes:|| Philosophy of Science Assoc. 21st Biennial Mtg (Pittsburgh, PA) > PSA 2008 Contributed Papers|
|Depositing User:||Françoise Longy|
|Date Deposited:||04 Nov 2008|
|Last Modified:||07 Oct 2010 11:17|
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