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Playing Fast and Loose with Complexity: A Critique of Dawkins' Atheistic Argument from Improbability

Sharlow, Mark (2009) Playing Fast and Loose with Complexity: A Critique of Dawkins' Atheistic Argument from Improbability. [Preprint]

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    Abstract

    This paper is a critique of Richard Dawkins' "argument from improbability" against the existence of God. This argument, which forms the core of Dawkins' book "The God Delusion," provides an interesting example of the use of scientific ideas in arguments about religion. Here I raise three objections: (1) The argument is inapplicable to philosophical conceptions of God that reduce most of God's complexity to that of the physical universe. (2) The argument depends on a way of estimating probabilities that fails for the probability of an entity that creates natural laws. (3) The argument supposes that complexity arises from past physical causes; however, some forms of complexity known to mathematics and logic do not arise in this way. After stating these three criticisms, I show that some of these same considerations undermine Dawkins' critique of agnosticism. I close the paper with some remarks on Dawkins' conception of God.


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    Item Type: Preprint
    Additional Information: This paper originally appeared on the author's website.
    Keywords: God, atheism, religion, Dawkins, complexity, information, probability
    Subjects: General Issues > Science and Religion
    Depositing User: Mark Sharlow
    Date Deposited: 27 May 2009
    Last Modified: 07 Oct 2010 11:18
    Item ID: 4652
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/4652

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