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From Adam Smith to Darwin; some neglected evidence

Schliesser, Eric (2009) From Adam Smith to Darwin; some neglected evidence. [Preprint]

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    Abstract

    In this paper I call attention to Adam Smith’s “Considerations Concerning the First Formation of Languages” in order to facilitate understanding Adam Smith from a Darwinian perspective. By ‘Darwinian’ I mean a position that explains differential selection over time through natural mechanisms. First, I argue that right near the start of Wealth of Nations Smith signals that human nature has probably evolved over a very long amount of time. Second, I connect this evidence with an infamous passage on infanticide in The Theory of Moral Sentiments in order to argue that Smith is committed to group selection. Third, I argue that in Dissertation on Languages one can find building blocks for the claim that mind and language co-develop over time. More controversially I claim that in TMS there is a distinction between natural sentiments and moral sentiments. Natural sentiments are evolved (presumably through cultural selection) and moral sentiments are developed (through acculturation within society). Along the way, I argue that this distinction would have improved Darwin’s Descent of Man by blocking a move toward eugenics.


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    Item Type: Preprint
    Keywords: Adam Smith, Darwin, Descent of Man, Eugenics, Moral Sentiments, Languages
    Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
    General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
    Depositing User: Eric Schliesser
    Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2009
    Last Modified: 07 Oct 2010 11:18
    Item ID: 4779
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/4779

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