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Science and the Social Contract in Renouvier

Schmaus, Warren (2010) Science and the Social Contract in Renouvier. In: UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

Charles Renouvier (1815-1903) regarded normative questions in epistemology and philosophy of science as analogous to those in moral and political philosophy and proposed similar ways of dealing with both. He argued that it was not possible to achieve certainty or even complete consensus in either morality or science. In the social and ethical realm, people should deal with these problems through their voluntary agreement to a social contract that consists of what he called “positive conventions and laws.” This social contract has no normative force unless it is entered into voluntarily. Once it is agreed upon, it provides the basis for civil liberties. It should always remain open to criticism and revision. Denying Kant’s distinction between theoretical and practical reason, Renouvier held that knowledge also depends upon freedom of the will and individual liberty. Just as rules that one is forced to obey have no moral authority, propositions one is forced to accept have no epistemic authority. Renouvier also drew an analogy between the ways in which the social contract and science develop over time through the critical examination of accepted views, thus suggesting that scientific theories were conventional in the same way as the social contract. Science then appears to depend on two sorts of social contract for Renouvier: one that governs society at large and guarantees freedom of inquiry and another that is shared among the scientific community and consists in theories and methods that are conventionally held and subject to critical evaluation and modification.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Schmaus, Warren
Keywords: Renouvier Kant social contract
Subjects: General Issues > Science and Society
General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: Warren Schmaus
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2010
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2010 15:19
Item ID: 5417
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/5417

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