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Finding Truth in Fictions: Identifying Non-Fictions in Imaginary Cracks

Purves, Gordon Finding Truth in Fictions: Identifying Non-Fictions in Imaginary Cracks. Springer (Springer Science+Business Media B.V.).

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    Abstract

    I critically examine some recent work on the philosophy of scientific fictions, focusing on the work of Winsberg. By considering two case studies in fracture mechanics, the strip yield model and the imaginary crack method, I argue that his reliance upon the social norms associated with an element of a model forces him to remain silent whenever those norms fail to clearly match the characteristic of fictions or non-fictions. In its place, I propose a normative epistemology of fictions which clarifies a model's ontological commitments when the community of scientists lack any clear, shared norms of use. Specifically, I will introduce a variational account of fictions as an extension of Laymon's monotonic improvability account of idealizations. I will conclude by connecting this variational account of fictions to didactic fictions in general.


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    Item Type: Other
    Keywords: Models, Fictions, Idealizations, Engineering, Fracture Mechanics
    Subjects: General Issues > Models and Idealization
    Conferences and Volumes: [2010] Models and Simulations 4 (Toronto, Ontario; May 7-9, 2010)
    [2010] Philosophy of Science Assoc. 22nd Biennial Mtg (Montréal, QC) > PSA 2010 Contributed Papers
    Depositing User: Gordon Purves
    Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2011 07:49
    Last Modified: 07 Nov 2011 07:49
    Item ID: 8882
    Journal or Publication Title: Synthese
    Publisher: Springer (Springer Science+Business Media B.V.)
    URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/8882

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