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GMOs: Non-Health Issues

Hicks, Daniel and Millstein, Roberta L. (2016) GMOs: Non-Health Issues. Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics.


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The controversy over genetically modified [GM] organisms is often framed in terms of possible hazards for human health. Articles in a previous volume of this *Encyclopedia* give a general overview of GM crops [@Mulvaney2014] and specifically examine human health [@Nordgard2014] and labeling [@Bruton2014] issues surrounding GM organisms. This article explores several other aspects of the controversy: environmental concerns, political and legal disputes, and the aim of "feeding the world" and promoting food security. Rather than discussing abstract, hypothetical GM organisms, this article explores the consequences of the GM organisms that have actually been deployed in the particular contexts that they have been deployed, on the belief that there is little point in discussing GM organisms in an idealized or context-independent way.

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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Hicks, Danielhicks.daniel.j@gmail.com0000-0001-7945-4416
Millstein, Roberta
Keywords: GMOs; pesticide tolerance; pesticide and herbicide use; gene flow; effects on non-human animals; effects on ecosystems; indirect harm; intellectual property; patents; Percy Schmeiser; research restrictions; feeding the world
Depositing User: Dan Hicks
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2016 13:30
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2016 13:30
Item ID: 12486
Journal or Publication Title: Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics
Publisher: Springer
Official URL:
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/978-94-007-6167-4_545-1
Date: 2016

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