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On the Significance of the Gottesman-Knill Theorem

Cuffaro, Michael E. (2013) On the Significance of the Gottesman-Knill Theorem. In: UNSPECIFIED.

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According to the Gottesman-Knill theorem, quantum algorithms utilising operations chosen from a particular restricted set are efficiently simulable classically. Since some of these algorithms involve entangled states, it is commonly concluded that entanglement is not sufficient to enable quantum computers to outperform classical computers. It is argued in this paper, however, that what the Gottesman-Knill theorem shows us is only that if we limit ourselves to the Gottesman-Knill operations, we will not have used the entanglement with which we have been provided to its full potential, for all of the Gottesman-Knill operations are such that their associated statistics (even when they involve entangled states) are reproducible in a local hidden variables theory. It is further argued that considering the Gottesman-Knill theorem is illuminating, not only for our understanding of quantum computation, but also for our understanding of what we take to be a plausible local hidden variables theory, as well as for our understanding of the relationship between all-or-nothing inequalities such as GHZ, and statistical inequalities such as CHSH.

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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Cuffaro, Michael
Keywords: quantum computation quantum speedup Gottesman-Knill theorem sufficiency of entanglement local hidden variables CHSH GHZ
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Computation/Information > Quantum
Specific Sciences > Physics > Quantum Mechanics
Depositing User: Dr. Michael Cuffaro
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2013 12:38
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2014 13:58
Item ID: 9929
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Computation/Information > Quantum
Specific Sciences > Physics > Quantum Mechanics
Date: 13 August 2013

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