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Which evolutionary model best explains the culture of honour?

Linquist, Stefan (2016) Which evolutionary model best explains the culture of honour? [Preprint]

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Abstract

The culture of honour hypothesis offers a compelling example of how human psychology differentially adapts to pastoral and horticultural environments. However, there is disagreement over whether this pattern is best explained by a memetic, evolutionary psychological, dual inheritance, or niche construction model. I argue that this disagreement stems from two shortcomings: lack of clarity about the theoretical commitments of these models and inadequate comparative data for testing them. To resolve the first problem, I offer a theoretical framework for deriving competing predictions from each of the four models. In particular, this involves a novel interpretation of the difference between dual inheritance theory and cultural niche construction. I then illustrate a strategy for testing their predictions using data from the Human Relations Area File. Empirical results suggest that the aggressive psychological phenotype typically associated with honour culture is more common among pastoral societies than among horticultural societies. Theoretical considerations suggest that this pattern is best explained as a case of cultural niche construction.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Linquist, Stefanlinquist@uoguelph.ca
Keywords: Culture of honour, Cultural evolution, Cultural niche construction, Dual inheritance theory, Memetics, Evolutionary psychology.
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Anthropology and Archaeology
Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Psychology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
Depositing User: Dr Stefan Linquist
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2015 20:41
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2015 20:41
Item ID: 11834
Official URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10539-01...
DOI or Unique Handle: 0.1007/s10539-015-9515-x
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Anthropology and Archaeology
Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Psychology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
Date: 2016
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/11834

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