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Cross-cultural Research, Evolutionary Psychology, and Racialism: Problems and Prospects

Jackson, Jr., John P. (2016) Cross-cultural Research, Evolutionary Psychology, and Racialism: Problems and Prospects. Philosophy and Theory in Biology, 8. ISSN 1949-0739

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Abstract

Philosophers defending evolutionary/cognitive accounts of racialism argue that cross-cultural psychological research has discovered similar patterns of racial reasoning around the globe. Such research, they hold, simultaneously supports the existence of an underlying cognitive mechanism for essentialist thinking while undercutting social constructionist accounts of racialism. I argue that they are mistaken for two reasons. First, evolutionary/cognitive researchers are unfamiliar with constructionist accounts of global racialism which explain similarities and differences in racialism. Second, evolutionary/cognitive accounts that make cross-cultural claims shoulder probative obligations for showing the independence of the cultures being compared, and these obligations have not been met. I argue that further evolutionary/cognitive research on racialism must account for constructionist models of global racialism while meeting the argumentative obligations of cross-cultural research.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Jackson, Jr., John P.
Keywords: Anthropology Cross-cultural Research Evolutionary Psychology Racialism Research Groups
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Anthropology and Archaeology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Psychology
Depositing User: Nora Boyd
Date Deposited: 11 May 2016 22:18
Last Modified: 11 May 2016 22:18
Item ID: 12091
Journal or Publication Title: Philosophy and Theory in Biology
Publisher: Michigan Publishing, University of Michigan Library
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3998/ptb.6959004.0008.002
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.3998/ptb.6959004.0008.002
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Anthropology and Archaeology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Psychology
Date: 2 March 2016
Volume: 8
ISSN: 1949-0739
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/12091

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