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The Emergence of Intersectional Disadvantage

O'Connor, Cailin and Bright, Liam Kofi and Bruner, Justin (2018) The Emergence of Intersectional Disadvantage. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Intersectionality theory explores the peculiar disadvantages that arise as the result of occupying multiple disadvantaged demographic categories. Addressing intersectionality theory through quantitative methods has proven di�fficult. Concerns have been raised about the sample size one would need in order to responsibly tease out evidence for the claims of intersectionality theorists. What is more, theorists have expressed concern about our ability to formulate novel intersectional hypotheses in a non-ad-hoc manner. We argue that simulation methods can help address these, and other, methodological problems, because they can generate novel hypotheses about causal dependencies in a relatively cheap way, and can thus guide future empirical work. We illustrate this point using models which show that intersectional oppression
can arise under conditions where social groups are disadvantaged in the emergence of bargaining norms. As we show, intersectional disadvantage can arise even when actors from all social categories are completely identical in terms of preferences and abilities. And when actors behave in ways that reflect stronger intersectional identities, the potential for disadvantage increases. As we note, this exploration illustrates the usefulness of idealized models to real world inquiry.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
O'Connor, Cailincailino@uci.edu
Bright, Liam Kofilbright@andrew.cmu.edu
Bruner, Justinjustin.bruner@anu.edu.au
Keywords: intersectionality, evolutionary game theory, cultural evolution, norms, bargaining, power, game theory, gender, race
Subjects: General Issues > Decision Theory
General Issues > Feminist Approaches
General Issues > Models and Idealization
Specific Sciences > Sociology
Depositing User: Dr. Cailin O'Connor
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2017 02:08
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2018 21:53
Item ID: 13474
Subjects: General Issues > Decision Theory
General Issues > Feminist Approaches
General Issues > Models and Idealization
Specific Sciences > Sociology
Date: 28 September 2018
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/13474

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