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The phenomenology and cognitive neuroscience of experienced temporality

Dorato, Mauro and Wittmann, Marc (2019) The phenomenology and cognitive neuroscience of experienced temporality. [Preprint]

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Abstract

We discuss the three dominant models of the phenomenological literature pertaining to temporal consciousness, namely the cinematic, the retentional, and the extensional model. By relying on the distinction between acts and contents of consciousness we first discuss the explanatory merits of these three views vis à vis our temporal experience. In the second part of the paper, we review some relevant findings from the psychology and neuroscience of temporality in order to evaluate which of the three models of time consciousness is better confirmed from an empirical viewpoint. Depending on the time scale, all of the three models of temporal consciousness might be justified but we claim that the empirical evidence favours the extensional model, where the acts and contents of consciousness are both extended. The retentional model might apply to longer time intervals covered by working memory but, similarly to the cinematic model, it is open to the objection that from a neurophysiological point of view the brain processes which underlie acts of consciousness must necessarily be extended in time. We conclude by stressing a so-far neglected predictive component that is to be regarded as decisive for an understanding of our experience of temporality.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Dorato, Mauromauro.dorato@gmail.com0000-0002-8313-6362
Wittmann, Marcwittmann@igpp.de
Keywords: Cinematical model ∙ Retentional model ∙ Extensional model ∙ Time consciousness ∙ Time perception ∙ Prediction
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Neuroscience > Cognitive Neuroscience
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
Specific Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Dr Mauro Dorato
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2019 03:17
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2019 03:17
Item ID: 16720
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Neuroscience > Cognitive Neuroscience
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
Specific Sciences > Psychology
Date: 2019
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/16720

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