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Organisms, Activity, and Being: On the Substance of Process Ontology

Austin, Christopher J. (2020) Organisms, Activity, and Being: On the Substance of Process Ontology. [Preprint]

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Abstract

According to contemporary ‘process ontology’, organisms are best conceptualised as spatio-temporally extended entities whose mereological composition is fundamentally contingent and whose essence consists in changeability. In contrast to the Aristotelian precepts of classical ‘substance ontology’, from the four-dimensional perspective of this framework, the identity of an organism is grounded not in certain collections of privileged properties, or features which it could not fail to possess, but in the succession of diachronic relations by which it persists, or ‘perdures’ as one entity over time. In this paper, I offer a novel defence of substance ontology by arguing that the coherency and plausibility of the radical reconceptualisation of organisms proffered by process ontology ultimately depends upon its making use of the ‘substantial’ principles it purports to replace.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Austin, Christopher J.Christopherja@gmail.com0000-0003-3283-204X
Keywords: organisms; substance; process ontology; identity; philosophy of biology
Subjects: General Issues > Scientific Metaphysics
Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Developmental Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Molecular Biology/Genetics
Specific Sciences > Biology > Systematics
General Issues > Natural Kinds
General Issues > Reductionism/Holism
Depositing User: Dr. Christopher J. Austin
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2020 17:04
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2020 17:04
Item ID: 16901
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/s13194-020-0278-0
Subjects: General Issues > Scientific Metaphysics
Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Developmental Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Molecular Biology/Genetics
Specific Sciences > Biology > Systematics
General Issues > Natural Kinds
General Issues > Reductionism/Holism
Date: 2020
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/16901

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